To capitalist economists, the communes in Venezuela are invisible. Why? Because capitalist economics reduces all value produced at work to exchange value which is translated into profit. But communes are based on use value and real needs which are not easily translatable into profits.
But how are communes different from other revolutionary organizations such as community councils? Further, how do communes deal with conflicts with the state and with other communities which are not part of the commune? Lots of answers are provided by the two political economists who authored this article.