In this article, Cynthia Chung contrasts two scientific models for understanding reality in Western history. The first, which is predominant, says that the nature of the universe is a-causal and can only be understood statistically. This model also accepts the separation of the subjective from the objective world. The second, less well known, is the Pythagorean- Platonic tradition. This says that the subjective experience of the scientist is not separate from objective reality. The golden section in nature is a principle of this tradition. Cynthia uses two contemporary examples. One is the thermonuclear rocketry and the second is the electronic universe.